Khi đọc đề bài IELTS Writing Task 2, người thi phải xác định dạng bài (dạng Discussion hay Opinion hay là Causes and Solutions/…) và cả chủ đề để quyết định nội dung và từ vựng sẽ dùng.
IELTS SHARE cung cấp cho bạn bài mẫu của 32 chủ đề IELTS Writing Task 2 để bạn có sẵn nền tảng từ vựng và ý tưởng cho những chủ đề này.
I. Đề bài 1:
It is a natural process for animal species to become extinct (e.g. Dinosaur, dodos …) There is no reason why people should try to prevent this from happening. Do you agree or disagree?
Some people believe that there are no compelling reasons for us to protect animal species from extinction as it occurs naturally. I personally disagree with this conviction and will support my argument in the essay below.
It is true that millions of years ago, many ancient species of animals, such as dinosaurs, were wiped out due to a gradual shift in climate and changing sea levels, according to some hypotheses. However, these environmental factors are not the primary contributor to the disappearance of certain species nowadays. Industrial activities have been devastating the natural habitats of wildlife and disturbing the food chain, causing the mass extinction of countless species. The increased demand for goods made from animals’ products, such as skins and horns, also leads to the rampant poaching of wild, endangered animals, rhinos for instance. In this regard, humans are held accountable and should do what is needed to rectify the situation.
Other justifications for saving wild animals involve the significant roles that they play in not only the balance of the ecosystem but also our lives. Everything in nature is connected, and if one species becomes extinct, many other animals and even plants will suffer as the food chain is disrupted. Wild animals also have great aesthetic and socio-cultural values. They contribute to our rich bio-diversity that makes this planet a beautiful place. In numerous places around the world, many types of animals play an important role in different cultures. For example, in some religions, cows are revered and worshiped as gods.
The disappearance of many animal species does not always occur as a natural process but as a consequence of our doings. It is our obligation to help preserve wild animals because their extinction will have a severe influence on many important aspects of our lives.
- To be wiped out: Bị xoá sổ
- Environmental factors: Nhân tố về môi trường
- Devastating the natural habitats of wildlife: Làm nguy hại đến môi trường sống tự nhiên của động vật hoang dã
- Disturbing the food chain: làm ảnh hưởng đến chuỗi thức ăn.
- The mass extinction: Sự tuyệt chủng hàng loạt
- Animals’ products: Sản phẩm từ động vật
- The rampant poaching of wild, endangered animals: Nạn săn trộm tràn lan của động vật hoang dã có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng.
- Rectify the situation: Giải quyết vấn đề
- The balance of the ecosystem: Sự cân bằng của hệ sinh thái
- Aesthetic and socio-cultural values: Những giá trị thẩm mỹ và văn hoá xã hội
- Rich bio-diversity: Sự giàu có về đa dạng sinh học
- Revered and worshiped: Tôn kính và tôn thờ
II. Đề bài 2:
Students leave high school without learning the way how to manage their money. What are the reasons and solutions of this issue?
There is a common problem among high school graduates these days where students are leaving school without any knowledge or skill in personal money management. This essay will outline a number of reasons for this trend and a number of possible solutions to help tackle the issue.
Firstly, one of the main causes of this problem is that the majority of high school students live with their parents and are completely financially dependent upon them. Most students do not need to work to earn money while at high school, as their parents pay for all their needs, and therefore do not gain any understanding about the realities of earning and saving money. Usually, the only money that students receive is from their parents and this is typically in the form of pocket-money, which is given with the intent of it being spent. Therefore, young people only really learn how to spend money, and not how to earn, save or manage it wisely.
However, there are a number of viable solutions to help students deal with this problem. Firstly, basic money management skills could be included as a compulsory subject for students in their high school years, which would help equip them with the knowledge and skills to manage their own personal finances when they leave school, move out of home and enter employment. The second possible step that could be taken to help curb this problem is through education at home. Parents need to take responsibility to make sure that their children are adequately educated in such matters to ensure their children maintain a successful and independent financial situation after graduating and leaving home.
In conclusion, although money management is a problem for a lot of school leavers, there are a number of viable solutions to counteract this problem.
- Personal money management skills: kĩ năng quản lí tiền bạc cá nhân
- Financially dependent upon parents: phụ thuộc tài chính vào bố mẹ
- Pocket-money: tiền tiêu vặt
- Equip them with the knowledge and skills to manage their own personal finances: trang bị cho họ kiến thức và kĩ năng để quản lí tài chính cá nhân
- Enter employment: bắt đầu xin việc
III. Đề bài 3:
The increase in the production of consumer goods results in damage to the natural environment. What are the causes of this? What can be done to solve this problem?
Nowadays, as more consumer goods are manufactured, more damage has been inflicted on the environment. I will outline several reasons for this and put forward some measures to this issue.
First of all, the increase in the production of consumer products harms the environment in two ways: the chemical by-products from the manufacturing process and the mass production of disposable goods. As more goods are produced, more toxic wastes and emissions are released from factories into nature. Water sources are contaminated, and the air is severely polluted, which results in the deaths of many marine and terrestrial animals. Also, to accommodate customers’ ever-increasing demands, more single-use products are introduced, most of which are non-biodegradable. Though having a short lifespan, these products can remain as wastes for thousands of years, turning our planet into a huge landfill and posing a threat to the living habitats of all creatures.
Actions must be taken as soon as possible to minimize the negative impacts on the environment arising from the increasing amount of consumer goods. First, companies should promote the use of eco-friendlier materials. For example, the giant coffee chain Starbucks has recently replaced plastic straws with reusable alternatives made of materials like paper or bamboo. In addition, many governments are also encouraging the development of more sustainable manufacturing processes. For instance, many states in the U.S offer tax breaks and incentives for businesses using renewable energy, and some firms are even allowed to purchase green energy at cheaper prices than traditional fossil fuels.
In conclusion, there are two main reasons why the environment is severely impacted by the increase in the production of consumer goods. To address this issue, governments and companies must join hands to make the production lines more environmentally friendly by switching to greener materials.
- Chemical by-products: sản phẩm hóa học phụ (trong quá trình sản xuất)
- Manufacturing process / production lines: quy trình sản suất
- Marine and terrestrial animals: động vật trên cạn và dưới nước
- Single-use product: sản phẩm dùng một lần
- Non-biodegradable: không phân hủy được
- Short lifespan: vòng đời ngắn
- Landfill: bãi rác
- Eco-friendlier materials: vật liệu thân thiện với môi trường
- Tax breaks: khoản miễn thuế