Is your city polluted?
Severely. The dust and smoke that I must endure on my way to work everyday often makes my head spin. Air pollution is one of many pressing issues my city is facing. According to the US Embasssy, the level of air pollution in Hanoi in March has reached an alarming rate, which was equal to that of Beijing.
What are the causes of pollution?
I beleive there are two main reasons . First it is because of the lightning fast constructions of many factories leading to a higher amount of toxic gases released. Another contributor to air pollution is the rising level of exhaust fumes coming from motor vehicles like cars or motorbikes.
Have you ever done anything to help to protect the environment?
To be frank, I don’t do much, mostly because I do not pay enough attention to environmental preservation. I use plastic bag on a daily basis and sometimes I still throw garbage on the street. Mother Earth must be really mad at me.
1. Reach an alarming rate: đạt ngưỡng báo động
2. Lightning fast: rất nhanh
3. Exhaust fumes: khí thải ống bô
4. Environmental preservation: bảo vệ môi trường
5. Mother Earth: mẹ trái đất
Do you mind noise?
Yes. Loud noise gives me a headache. Noise pollution is one of the most bothersome problems of Hanoi at the moment.
Is there any kind of noise you like?
I do love hearing the “ding” sound my Iphone makes when my salary is transfered. Other than that, I can’t think of anything else.
How do you feel about that?
Sadly, yes. If the number of motor vehicles keeps increasing, I might have to think about relocating to the outskirt to escape from all of the honking and vrooming.
1. Give sb headache: làm ai đó khó chịu, đau đầu
2. Relocating to the outskirt: chuyển ra ngoại thành
3. Honking: tiếng còi (xe)
4. Vrooming: tiếng động cơ (xe)
Describe a newly built public facility (such as parks, cinemas, etc) that influences your city.
• Where the facility is
• When it was built
• What people can do there
and why influence the facility has.
So today I would like to talk about Thanh Ha water park, which is a recently constructed facility that is attracting many Hanoians’ attention.
Water park used to be my all-time favorite spot as a child. I mean who can resist the fun of playing with water? Therefore, last year I decided to visit Thanh Ha, a newly built water park located in the outskirt of Hanoi, to relive my childhood. The trip was fun and memorable.
The most exciting things in the park, to me, are definitely the water slides. The feeling of sliding down from 15 to 20 meters at high speed and getting soaking wet is appealing to a thrill-seeker like me. If you are not into physically-demanding activities, you can always choose to relax by letting yourself flow aimlessly on the lazy river. The food at the water park, which is normally great, will taste even better after two hours of water exercising.
Water park, in my opinion, is a great place for parents who have no idea where to take their children to in this boiling 38-degree-or-above summer. I mean, children can spend hours in the park without complaining and playing with water is quite safe. Also, this place is a necessary replacement for the old Ho Tay water park, which is really outdated and in desperate need of renovation.
1. All-time favourite: cực kỳ yêu thích
2. Relive my childhood: sống lại tuổi thơ
3. Soaking wet: ướt sũng
4. Thrill seeker: người ưa mạo hiểm
5. Outdated: xuống cấp
6. In desperate need of renovation: thực sự cần trùng tu
What measures should be taken to deal with damages on public facilities?
There are quite a few solutions that could be applied. Some suggest that the government should impose stricter punishments on those who damage public facilities. For example, Singapore government has a fine of up to $1000 littering or public urination. Others, however, believe that instead of punishments, the authorities should simply provide more financial support to help renovate and refurbish outdated facilities.
What facilities do young people and old people like in your country?
I think the situation is similar in all nations, not just Vietnam. Old people prefer quiet places like parks or libraries , mostly because they hate noise and want to enjoy a sense of tranquility. Also, since old people are more vulnerable to both physical and mental issues, they tend to visit public places like hospitals more often. Meanwhile, young people love exciting and crowded places like malls or stadiums as they are more interested in having a good time or hanging out with friends.
What’s the difference between facilities in the countryside and the ones in the city?
Public facilities in the city are, without a doubt, better. Let’s take the road system in Vietnam as an example. In big cities like Hanoi, roads are often wider and there are more expressways and arterials roads. In comparison, most of the streets in the countryside are narrow and bumpy because there are a lot of holes that can cause an accident at any time.
1. Impose strict punishment: đưa ra hình phạt nghiêm khắc
2. Fine: khoản phạt (tiền)
3. Sense of tranquility: cảm giác thanh bình
4. Be vulnerable to: dễ bị tổn thương trước (bệnh)
5. Expressways and arterials roads: đường cao tốc và đường huyết mạch
6. Bumpy: gồ ghề
Trích từ tạp chí IELTS Special Journal.