Các từ vựng ghi điểm kèm bài tập vận dụng ghi nhớ trong IELTS READING

Tài liệu do IELTS SHARE tổng hợp, được trích từ sách “Reading Keywords for Cambridge IELTS 13”. Cuốn sách là tinh hoa chất xám của đội ngũ chuyên môn Anh ngữ ZIM. Tài liệu đã bao gồm tất cả các từ vựng quan trọng nhất trong phần bài đọc của cuốn luyện đề IELTS Cambridge 13.

Cùng với từ vựng, sách còn có phần luyện tập tương ứng với đa dạng các dạng bài tập, giúp người học nhớ từ vựng lâu hơn và biết cách vận dụng các từ vừa học cho những kĩ năng khác trong bài thi IELTS.

 

Words and Phrases Definition In the text

1. inhabitant (n): a person that lives in a place

New Zealand is a small country of four particular million inhabitants.

 

2. long-haul (adj): travelling a long distance, especially by air 

The visitors arrived after a long-haul flight.

 

3. campaign (n): a series of thing such as television advertisements or posters that try to persuade people to do sth e.g. buy a new product

Tourism New Zealand launched a campaign to communicate a new brand position to the world.

 

4. exhilarating (adj): making you feel excited and full of energy

New Zealand’s scenic beauty, exhilarating outdoor activities, and authentic Maori culture

 

5. on a regular basis (adv) regularly 

participating businesses were able to update the details they gave on a regular basis

 

6. evaluation (n) the process of judging importance, or value something’s quality

the website underwent an independent evaluation.

 

7. blockbuster (n) a book or film that is very successful

blockbuster films that had made use of New Zealand’s stunning scenery.

 

8. itinerary a detailed plan or route of a journey

travellers devise their own customised itineraries.

 

9. indicate show according to the season and indicating distances and times.

 

10. inclusion the act of including someone or something as part of a group, list etc.

anyone could submit a blog of their New Zealand travels for possible inclusion on the website.

 

11. set up establish 

The website was set up

 

12. undertake to do something, esp. something that will take a long time or be difficult

The more activities that visitors undertake, the more satisfied they will be

 

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13. appear seem 

it appears that visitors to New Zealand don’t want to be ‘one of the crowd’

 

14. be composed of to be formed from different things

New Zealand is a small country with a visitor economy composed mainly of small businesses

 

15. infrastructure the basic systems and services e.g.transport and power supplies that a country or organization uses in order to work effectively

a safe English-speaking country with reliable transport infrastructure.

 

16. underlying real but not immediately obvious

the underlying lessons apply anywhere 

 

 

Practice

Exercise 1: Circle the correct answer.

  1. Learning to windsurf is tiring but exhilarating/exhausting.
  2. Water is composed/created of hydrogen and oxygen.
  3. A detailed itinerary/blockbuster was handed to each member of the tour.
  4. After careful inclusion/evaluation, the judge eventually reached a verdict.
  5. We are unable to find the undertaking/underlying cause of such a plunge in sales.
  6. Muscles are comprised/compound of two different kinds of protein.
  7. We set off/up at 5 and arrived at the location at 10.

Exercise 2: Rewrite the following sentences.

  1. The Lord of The Rings is a very successful movie.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 

  1. The man seems to know nothing about the incident.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 

  1. Muscles consist of two kinds of protein.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 

  1. They have established a new conservation zone in this region.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  1. Those who exercise regularly may be less likely to suffer from stress.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 

  1. We have been carrying out a very challenging task.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Exercise 3: Fill in each blank with an appropriate word. There are TWO extra words that you do not need to use. You may want to change the word form if necessary.

undertake – indicate – infrastructure – underlying – campaign – regular – composed – long-haul – inhabitant – itinerary

  1. Those goods are checked on a __________ basis.
  2. Activists have launched a lot of __________ against anti-LGBT acts.
  3. Monowi is the most remote town in the world – its mayor is also the only __________ of the
    town!
  4. Returning from a __________ flight, they decided to have a short nap.
  5. Stress is the __________ cause of many health problems.
  6. The research has __________ that drinking juice does not help you lose weight.
  7. More money should be invested in education, health care and __________.
  8. A short excursion in the safari is included in the __________.