Đề thi IELTS 2019 – Bài mẫu IELTS Writing đề thi ngày 07/09

Đề bài

The increase in the production of consumer goods results in damage to the natural environment. What are the causes of this? What can be done to solve this problem?

Giải đề

Nowadays, as more consumer goods are manufactured, more damage has been inflicted on the environment. I will outline several reasons for this and put forward some measures to this issue.

First of all, the increase in the production of consumer products harms the environment in two ways: the chemical by-products from the manufacturing process and the mass production of disposable goods. As more goods are produced, more toxic wastes and emissions are released from factories into nature. Water sources are contaminated, and the air is severely polluted, which results in the deaths of many marine and terrestrial animals. Also, to accommodate customers’ ever-increasing demands, more single-use products are introduced, most of which are non-biodegradable. Though having a short lifespan, these products can remain as wastes for thousands of years, turning our planet into a huge landfill and posing a threat to the living habitats of all creatures.

Actions must be taken as soon as possible to minimize the negative impacts on the environment arising from the increasing amount of consumer goods. First, companies should promote the use of eco-friendlier materials. For example, the giant coffee chain Starbucks has recently replaced plastic straws with reusable alternatives made of materials like paper or bamboo. In addition, many governments are also encouraging the development of more sustainable manufacturing processes. For instance, many states in the U.S offer tax breaks and incentives for businesses using renewable energy, and some firms are even allowed to purchase green energy at cheaper prices than traditional fossil fuels.

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In conclusion, there are two main reasons why the environment is severely impacted by the increase in the production of consumer goods. To address this issue, governments and companies must join hands to make the production lines more environmentally friendly by switching to greener materials.

Từ vựng

  • Chemical by-products: sản phẩm hóa học phụ (trong quá trình sản xuất)
  • Manufacturing process / production lines: quy trình sản suất
  • Marine and terrestrial animals: động vật trên cạn và dưới nước
  • Single-use product: sản phẩm dùng một lần
  • Non-biodegradable: không phân hủy được
  • Short lifespan: vòng đời ngắn
  • Landfill: bãi rác
  • Eco-friendlier materials: vật liệu thân thiện với môi trường
  • Tax breaks: khoản miễn thuế

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