IELTS VOCABULARY: 15 từ vựng chủ đề Personality Characteristics/Traits

Trong phần thi IELTS Speaking, đặc biệt ở Part 2, thí sinh rất có khả năng sẽ gặp câu hỏi miêu tả một người nào đó. Vì thế, trang bị cho mình những từ vựng về chủ đề này là điều phải làm trước khi bước vào kì thi này nhé.

1. Characteristic (n) Nét đặc trưng

Example: Vietnamese people have quite different characteristics from Chinese people. 

Related collocations:

  • Personal characteristics 
  • Inherited characteristics
  • Genetic characteristics


2. Personality (n) Tính cách 

Example: The children in her class have different personalities

Related collocations:

  • To develop/ express/reflect 
  • Out-going personality 
  • The strength of somebody’s personality 


3. Innate/inborn (adj) Bẩm sinh 

Example: Some people believe that we all have some innate abilities which can be further developed through training.

Related collocations:

  • Inborn talents 
  • Inborn qualities 
  • Innate abilities 


4. Charismatic (adj) Đức tính gây đươc lòng tin

Charisma (n) Đức tính gây đươc lòng tin

Example: My supervisor is a charismatic leader, and everyone in our department follows his directions. 

Related collocations:

  • A charismatic leader/ leadership
  • To demonstrate/ grow/ cultivate charisma


5. Trait (n) Nét (nét tính cách)

Example: We all inherit some certain personality traits from our parents. 

Related collocations:

  • Genetic traits 
  • To inherit personality traits from somebody 
  • To share traits


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6. Up-bringing: Sự nuôi dưỡng 

Bring somebody up (phr) Nuôi dưỡng ai

Example: Children who have proper upbringing tend to become productive members of society in later life. 

Related collocations:

  • Proper up-bringing 
  • Childhood up-bringing


7. Persistent (adj) Bền bỉ

Persistence (n) Sự bền bỉ 

Example: This job requires a lot of hard work and persistence

Related collocations:

  • To show remarkable persistence 


8. Discipline (n) Sự kỷ luật

Example: Teachers have to maintain discipline during lessons. 

Related collocations:

  • To maintain discipline 
  • To lack discipline


9. Self-esteem (n) Tự trọng 

Example: Children who are physically punished at home tend to grow up with low self-esteem. 

Related collocations:

  • Low self-esteem
  • To lose/build/ destroy someone’s self-esteem


10. Tendency (n) Xu hướng

Tend to do something (phr) Có xu hướng làm gì

Example: Many youngsters nowadays show a tendency to adopt inappropriate foreign culture.  

Related collocations:

  • To have/show a tendency to do something 
  • To have/show a tendency for something 


11. Temperament (n) Khí chất 

Example: To win the tournament, one has to have the right temperament.  

Related collocations:

  • to have the right temperament