1. CÁCH PHÁT TRIỂN MỞ BÀI
💡 Một mở bài tốt cần làm được 2 nhiệm vụ:
- Giới thiệu chủ đề (1-2 câu)
- Trả lời câu hỏi, đưa ra định hướng cho bài viết (1-2 câu)
📖 Ví dụ:
Some people think that video games are advantageous while others believe video games are harmful to the people who play them. Discuss both views and give your opinion
➡ Cách 1: Some people think that playing video games is beneficial to their users while others say that video games are more disadvantageous (Giới thiệu chủ đề). I will discuss both sides of this argument in my essay below and give my personal view in the conclusion (Đưa ra định hướng bài viết).
➡ Cách 2: Some people think that playing video games is beneficial to their users while others say that video games are more disadvantageous (Giới thiệu chủ đề). Personally I believe these players can enjoy a lot of benefits from video games. (Trả lời câu hỏi)
2. CÁCH PHÁT TRIỂN THÂN BÀI
- Có một ý chủ đạo
- Ý chủ đạo được triển khai bằng những lời giải thích và ví dụ cụ thể.
📖 Ví dụ:
➡ On the one hand, playing video games has some advantages (Topic sentence). Firstly, games help their players relax and therefore improve their work efficiency afterwards (Sub-idea 1). This is extremely important for both working people and students who have to deal with increasing workload nowadays (Supporting sentence). Secondly, playing games also has some educational purposes (Sub-idea 2). For example, many modern games are designed with English instructions, and players around the world can play together and communicate in English. This motivates players to learn English in order to play the games well (Supporting sentences).
➡ On the other hand, playing video games frequently causes several problems for players (Topic sentence). To begin with, such an activity is really addictive and sometimes takes away too much time, which will make it extremely difficult for people to get out and do exercise (Sub-idea 1). Consequently, these people are likely to suffer from a lot of diseases, such as back pain or maybe obesity, due to this lack of physical exercise (Supporting sentence). The second disadvantage of playing games is that it can distract players, especially young students, from their study or work (Sub-idea 2). For instance, my younger brother used to spend hours playing games everyday, and now his scores at school are really low (Supporting sentence).
3. CÁCH VIẾT KẾT BÀI
💡 Khẳng định lại quan điểm, và có thể tóm tắt các ý chính trong bài TRONG 1-2 CÂU.
📖 Ví dụ:
➡ In conclusion, playing video games is both advantageous and disadvantageous in many aspects. And in my view, the extent to which each user of video games is affected is different and more or less depends on how much time he or she spends on those games.
Trích từ The Complete IELTS Writing