Chủ đề ENVIRONMENT là một trong những chủ đề cực phổ biến, có tần suất xuất hiện nhiều trong cả 4 task của IELTS. Việc bổ sung cho mình các kiến thức từ vựng sẽ giúp cho bạn học dễ dàng diễn đạt ý tưởng của mình một cách trôi chảy và đúng trọng tâm hơn.
A. Bài mẫu IELTS Speaking và từ vựng chủ đề Environment
Đề số 1: Environmental protection should be the responsibility of politicians, not individuals as individuals can do too little. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people think that politicians should be responsible for protecting the environment as there is nothing much that individuals can do about this problem. In my opinion, the responsibility to protect the environment should not fall upon politicians alone because ordinary citizens can make a significant contribution. Firstly, politicians can urge the government to impose new laws against actions that damage the environment. For instance, one of the major factors leading to environmental pollution is the overuse of plastic products, like bottles and bags, and this can be stopped if the government issues an official ban on all companies from using plastic packaging.
In addition, the rate of deforestation can also be reduced if high-ranking bureaucrats agree to impose strict punishments, such as long-term imprisonment and heavy fines, on those who cut down trees illegally. However, besides introducing and enforcing new laws and regulations, I doubt that there is any further action that politicians can take to protect the
On the other hand, I believe that ordinary people, through small, everyday actions, can also greatly contribute to protecting the environment. First, citizens in many countries, like the Netherlands, have now shifted towards using bicycles and subway trains for their daily travel instead of cars, which has so far helped reduce a tremendous amount of CO2 released into the air, and improved air quality. Second, the problem of polluted oceans has also been tackled in many places thanks to groups of young people who voluntarily spend their time cleaning up beaches, or even diving into water to pick up trash. For example, many students in Nha Trang, a coastal city of Vietnam, spent nearly their whole summer holiday in 2018 keeping the beaches of their hometown clean by collecting all the trash from tourists, and even banned Chinese people from entering certain areas to prevent them from littering
In conclusion, I hold the view that politicians alone cannot deal with all environmental problems, and therefore individuals should also make a contribution to protecting our environment.
- The responsibility falls upon something/someone: trách nhiệm đổ lên đầu ai hoặc
cái gì đó
- Impose new laws against something: ban hành luật chống lại việc gì đó
- The overuse of plastic products: việc sử dụng quá nhiều sản phẩm nhựa
Long-term imprisonment: việc bỏ tù dài hạn
- Shift towards something: chuyển hướng sang việc gì đó
- Dive into water to pick up trash: lặn xuống nước để nhặt rác
Đề số 2: The best way to solve world’s environmental problem is increase the cost of fuel. Do you agree or disagree and give your own opinion?
It is believed that traffic and pollution issues would be best tackled by inflating the price of petroleum. In my opinion, this idea is completely flawed and there are several reasonable alternatives.
Clearly the price of fuel has little to do with pressing problems of traffic and pollution. The inevitable demand for time efficience and safe commuting in the modern world makes the change of fuel prices become rather insignificant, which proves the ineffectiveness of the suggested policy. In other words, even if the price were increased, people would still travel by their preferred form of transport on a daily basis and the problems of traffic and pollution would remain. Additionally, this solution could easily trigger social disagreement and resentment. This, coupled with the reluctance of using expensive fuel to travel every day, could be counter-productive and this proposed idea would become irrelevant.
On the other hand, alternatives to increasing the price of petrol show greater effectiveness. Firstly, governments could implement certain regulations restricting the use of private vehicles such as cars and turn people to using public transportation. This would relieve many roads from heavy traffic congestion by reducing the number of vehicles on the road, which in turn alleviates the problem of pollution caused by exhaust emissions. Secondly, in many cities around the world, cycling has proved to be an effective, environmentally-friendly form of alternative transport and should be encouraged more in other major cities. Certain infrastructure, such as separate zones for cyclists, should be created to help avoid the overload of traffic during rush hour when the number of vehicles can exceed the road’s capacity.
In conclusion, I believe that heightening the price of fuel used for travelling to address traffic and pollution problems is somewhat absurd; and that there is a number of other more suitable and effective solutions.
- Pressing problems of traffic and pollution: Những vấn đề đáng quan ngại về giao thông và ô nhiễm
- Time efficience and safe commuting: Tiết kiệm thời gian và di chuyển an toàn
- Travel by their preferred form of transport: Đi lại bằng loại hình phương tiện họ muốn
- Trigger social disagreement and resentment: Rấy lên sự bất đồng từ xã hội
- Regulations restricting the use of private vehicles: Quy chế giảm thiểu sự sử dụng phương tiện cá nhân
- Relieve many roads from heavy traffic congestion: Giảm tải đường phố khỏi ách tắc giao thông
- Separate zones for cyclists: Khu vực riêng cho lái xe đạp
- Exceed the road’s capacity: Vượt quá trọng tải của đường
Ngoài ra, chủ đề ENVIRONMENT cũng có thể xuất hiện trong IELTS WRITING TASK 2 như các đề bài sau:
- The best way to solve world’s environmental problem is increase the cost of fuel. Do you agree or disagree and give your own opinion?
- Organized tour to remote areas and community is increasingly popular. Is it a positive or negative development for the local people and the environment?
- It is a natural process for animal species to become extinct (e.g. Dinosaur, dodos …) There is no reason why people should try to prevent this from happening. Do you agree or disagree?
B. Bộ từ Vựng BAND 7.0+ Chủ Đề ENVIRONMENT
Dưới đây, IELTS SHARE đã chọn lọc hộ bạn Bộ Từ Vựng cực quan trọng và cần phải thuộc lòng, kèm định nghĩa và ví dụ cụ thể để bạn có thể dễ dàng áp dụng với đề bài thuộc chủ đề ENVIRONMENT:
|No.||Words/ Phrases||Definition||Example||Relevant collocations|
|1||climate change||thay đổi khí hậu||Most scientists believe that climate change today is happening largely because of human industrial activities.|
|2||atmosphere||khí quyển||The atmosphere in Hanoi is being polluted partly because too many vehicles are emitting large quantities of smoke.||in the atmosphere (trong khí quyển)
polluted/clear atmosphere (khí quyển ô nhiễm/sạch)
|3||greenhouse gas||khí gây hiệu ứng nhà kính||We need a global system for limiting greenhouse gas emissions.||greenhouse gas emission (sự thải khí gây hiệu ứng nhà kính)|
|4||desertification||sa mạc hóa||Trees help to prevent desertification, as well as providing shade and firewood.|
|5||Pollution/ contamination||sự ô nhiễm||Increasing levels of air pollution in industrial zones are having a negative effect on inhabitants of nearby areas.||a source of pollution (nguồn ô nhiễm)|
|6||pollutants||chất gây ô nhiễm||Large quantities of pollutants such as CO2 are being released every day, which leads to higher levels of air pollution.||the emission/release of pollutants (sự thải ra chất ô nhiễm)
discharge, emit, release pollutants. (thải ra chất ô nhiễm)
|7||waste||chất thải||Toxic waste from factories is being dumped directly into nearby rivers and does great harm to the animals living there.||produce waste (tạo ra chất thải)
dump, get rid of (xả chất thải)
|8||exhaust||khí thải (đặc biệt từ ô tô và các ống xả)||Exhaust from cars is the main reason for the city’s pollution.||emission, fumes, gas, pollution, smoke exhaust|
|9||emit||thải ra||The atmosphere in Hanoi is being polluted partly because too many vehicles are emitting large quantities of smoke.||emit beam, noise, smell, or gas (tỏa ra ánh sáng, tiếng ồn, mùi và khí)|
|10||impact||ảnh hưởng||The environmental impact of the industrial activities in this region is enormous.||create, exert impact (tạo ra ảnh hưởng)
enhance, increase, maximize impact (tăng cường ảnh hưởng)
alleviate, lessen, minimize, reduce impact (giảm thiểu ảnh hưởng)
|11||toxic||độc hại||Toxic waste from factories is being dumped directly into nearby rivers and does great harm to the animals living there.||Toxic environment/ pollutant/substance (môi trường, chất ô nhiễm, chất độc hại)|
|12||deforestation||sự phá rừng||Deforestation is the third major contributor to global warming.|
|13||global warming||sự nóng lên toàn cầu||The destruction of the rainforests is contributing to global warming.|
Để tận dụng được tốt được nội dung từ vựng, bạn học nên áp dụng thực tế vào bài tập để có thể ghi nhớ được tốt hơn. Nội dung từ vựng và bài tập được trích trong cuốn Power Vocab. Các bạn có thể tham khảo thêm TẠI ĐÂY
Xem thêm từ vựng ở các chủ đề khác TẠI ĐÂY